Where the West was Filmed

Iconic Communities,On the Road,This Week in History,Travel Destinations
September 15, 2011

On location in Lone Pine, California

Moviemakers film Roy Rogers in 1938 in Lone Pine, Calif., for Under Western Stars, his starring debut.A parade is part of the festivities.During the 2010 festival, Alan Johnson of Los Angeles sits astride his horse, Rascal, in front of the Lone Pine Film History Museum.The museum celebrates Lone Pine’s movie heritage.Artist and retired motel owner Kerry Powell in 1990 co-founded the Lone Pine Film Festival, now America’s largest Western film festival and held every autumn.A tour group visits historic sites against the backdrop of the Alabama Hills and the Inyo Mountains.Retired Hollywood stuntman Loren Janes revisits the rocky landscape where he filmed 16 movies.Lone Pine resident Dorothy Bonnefin recalls her bit acting part in the 1953 film King of the Khyber Rifles, starring Tyrone Power.Distinctive rock formations have been photographed from all angles.Today, Movie Road leads movie buffs to the natural scenery filmed in classic movies, including How the West Was Won, Gunga Din, Showdown and Rawhide.For Rawhide, released in 1951, stars Tyrone Power and Susan Hayward film in a boulder-strewn area known to locals as “the bowling alley.”With the Sierra Nevada in the background and the Alabama Hills in the foreground, Lone Pine has provided the setting for nearly 400 movies, mostly Westerns, filmed or partially filmed in and around town.Actor Buck Taylor, who portrayed gunsmith-turned-deputy Newly O’Brien on TV’s Gunsmoke, shares both stories and his Western-themed art. “It’s about Western film history, and the people who come here love it,” he says of the festival.
Courtesy of Lone Pine Film History Museum
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
David Becker
Courtesy of Lone Pine Film History Museum
David Becker
David Becker
Moviemakers film Roy Rogers in 1938 in Lone Pine, Calif., for <i>Under Western Stars,</i> his starring debut.
A parade is part of the festivities.
During the 2010 festival, Alan Johnson of Los Angeles sits astride his horse, Rascal, in front of the Lone Pine Film History Museum.
The museum celebrates Lone Pine’s movie heritage.
Artist and retired motel owner Kerry Powell in 1990 co-founded the Lone Pine Film Festival, now America’s largest Western film festival and held every autumn.
A tour group visits historic sites against the backdrop of the Alabama Hills and the Inyo Mountains.
Retired Hollywood stuntman Loren Janes revisits the rocky landscape where he filmed 16 movies.
Lone Pine resident Dorothy Bonnefin recalls her bit acting part in the 1953 film <i>King of the Khyber Rifles,</i> starring Tyrone Power.
Distinctive rock formations have been photographed from all angles.
Today, Movie Road leads movie buffs to the natural scenery filmed in classic movies, including <i>How the West Was Won, Gunga Din, Showdown</i> and <i>Rawhide.</i>
For <i>Rawhide,</i> released in 1951, stars Tyrone Power and Susan Hayward film in a boulder-strewn area known to locals as “the bowling alley.”
With the Sierra Nevada in the background and the Alabama Hills in the foreground, Lone Pine has provided the setting for nearly 400 movies, mostly Westerns, filmed or partially filmed in and around town.
Actor Buck Taylor, who portrayed gunsmith-turned-deputy Newly O’Brien on TV’s <i>Gunsmoke,</i> shares both stories and his Western-themed art. “It’s about Western film history, and the people who come here love it,” he says of the festival.
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Legendary Hollywood stuntman Loren Janes, 79, stands atop a steep hillside in California’s Alabama Hills, recalling how he tumbled down the boulder-strewn granite landscape inside of a Conestoga wagon in the 1962 epic How the West Was Won.

In that dramatic scene, which was shot three times, Janes and another stuntman were battered by cargo as they bounced around the wagon rolling “end over end” for 75 feet. “It took all day to do,” Janes explains. “We had bruises, but I am very proud of how it turned out. People applauded that scene at the film’s world premiere.”

During his 50-year rough-and-tumble career, Janes has appeared in more than 500 movies and 2,200 TV shows and was Steve McQueen’s stunt double from 1959 until the actor’s death in 1980. But the rocky hills that surround Lone Pine, Calif. (pop. 2,035), at the foot of the eastern Sierra Nevada and snow-capped Mount Whitney, hold a special place in his heart as a paradise for filming the Old West.

“The town really looked after us. They were great,” says Janes, who appeared in 16 movies filmed around Lone Pine, including Thunder in the Sun (1959) and Nevada Smith (1966).

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Movie set magic
With Hollywood only 170 miles away, moviemakers have embraced Lone Pine as a rugged backdrop since actor-director Fatty Arbuckle showed up with a crew to film the 1920 silent movie The Round Up. Since then, nearly 400 movies have been filmed or partially filmed in and around the town, particularly Westerns created during the genre’s heyday from the 1920s to the 1970s.

Among the silver screen luminaries to ride through the nearby hills were Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, John Wayne and William Boyd, who portrayed Hopalong Cassidy in 66 films.

The stunning landscape also served as the scenery of India for 1939’s Gunga Din starring Cary Grant; Africa for two Tarzan films with Johnny Weismuller and Lex Barker; and the site of a car chase and shootout for Humphrey Bogart’s fugitive character in High Sierra (1941). Today, the gleaming 1937 Plymouth coupe that Bogart drove in the film is on display in the town’s Beverly and Jim Rogers Museum of Lone Pine Film History.

“You can get so many different scenes here,” explains Dorothy Bonnefin, 81, a museum volunteer and Lone Pine resident who enjoyed a bit part in 1953’s King of the Khyber Rifles, starring Tyrone Power.

Still, most visitors are drawn to Lone Pine by a love of Westerns—particularly movies from the 1930s and ’40s and TV Westerns that surged in popularity from the 1950s to the ’70s. Western films showcasing the local scenery include The Ox-Bow Incident (1943) starring Henry Fonda; Yellow Sky (1948) with Gregory Peck, for which a 150-man construction crew built a ghost town near Lone Pine; Bad Day at Black Rock (1955) with Spencer Tracy and Robert Ryan; The Hallelujah Trail (1965) featuring Burt Lancaster and Lee Remick; and Joe Kidd (1972) with Clint Eastwood.

Whenever Hollywood arrived, cast and crew filled local motels and, in the days before production companies brought their own caterers, Lone Pine restaurants provided on-set meals. “Locals built sets, supplied cattle and horses, and many local cowboys and local people were asked to be extras,” recalls Lone Pine resident Kerry Powell, 77, whose family-owned motel hosted guests that included Peck, Richard Widmark, Randolph Scott, Chill Wills and Mel Gibson.

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