For his article on heart-healthy foods for American Profile, registered dietitian David Grotto consulted the following studies and reports.
Arai, Y., S. Watanabe, M. Kimira , K. Shimoi, R. Mochizuki, and N. Kinae. Dietary intakes of flavonols, flavones and isoflavones by Japanese women and the inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration. Journal of Nutrition, Sept. 2000; 130 (9): 2243-2250.
Engler, M. B., et al. Flavonoid-rich dark chocolate improves endothelial function and increases plasma epicatechin concentrations in healthy adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, June 2004; 23 (3): 197-204.
Fabian, E., and I. Elmadfa. Influence of daily consumption of probiotic and conventional yoghurt on the plasma lipid profile in young healthy women. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, July 2006; 50 (4): 387-393.
Jenkins D.J., et al. Direct comparison of dietary portfolio vs statin on C-reactive protein. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 2005; 59 (7): 851-860.
Kocyigit, A., A. A. Koylu, and H. Keles. Effects of pistachio nuts consumption on plasma lipid profile and oxidative status in healthy volunteers. Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, April 2006; 16 (3): 202-209.
Lopez R., A. C. Frati, B. C. Hernandez, S. Cervantes, M. H. Hernandez, C. Juarez, and L. Moran. Monounsaturated fatty acid (avocado) rich diet for mild hypercholesterolemia. Archives of Medical Research, Winter 1996; 27 (4): 519-523.
Mang, B., et al. Effects of a cinnamon extract on plasma glucose, HbA, and serum lipids in diabetes mellitus type 2. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, May 2006; 36 (5): 340-344.
Menotti, A., D. Kromhout, H. Blackburn, et al. Food intake patterns and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: cross-cultural correlations in the Seven Countries Study. The Seven Countries Study Research Group. European Journal of Epidemiology, July 1999; 15 (6): 507-515.
Reyna-Villasmil, N., et al. Oat-derived beta-glucan significantly improves HDLC and diminishes LDLC and non-HDL cholesterol in overweight individuals with mild hypercholesterolemia. American Journal of Therapeutics, March-April 2007; 14 (2): 203-212.
Seepo, L., et al. Plant stanol esters in low-fat milk products lower serum total and LDL cholesterol. European Journal of Nutrition, March 2007; 46 (2): 111-117.
Vinson, J. A., J. Yang, J. Proch, and X. Liang. Grape juice, but not orange juice, has in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo antioxdant properties. Journal of Medicinal Food, 2000; 3 (4): 167-171.